Not everyone has to deal with painful menstrual cramps. But if you are one of the five to ten percent of women dealing with severe menstrual cramps; then you may be wondering why this happens to you.
Dysmenorrhea, commonly known as period pain, is fairly common. But depending on what’s causing the pain; your doctor may be able to eliminate or minimize the pain.
What Causes Painful Menstrual Cramps?
#1 High Levels of Prostaglandins:
Naturally, your body releases hormone-like substances, called prostaglandins, every month during your period.
These substances trigger your uterus to contract in order to get rid of its lining.
Studies show that more severe menstrual cramps are associated with higher levels of prostaglandins.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs), like Ibuprofen and Naproxen, reduce the production of prostaglandins, which is why they are effective treatments for painful menstrual cramps
Endometriosis is a medical condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus.
This tissue can attach to the ovaries and develop into cysts, which can become irritated and cause pain, especially during your menstrual cycle.
#3 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s reproductive system, usually caused by chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Untreated PID can cause pain in your lower belly and pelvis.
PID is associated with increased menstrual cramps and increased pain during ovulation.
Adenomyosis is a medical condition in which the uterine wall thickens as a result of of the uterine lining moving into into the muscle wall.
Just like endometriosis, adenomyosis can cause heavy bleeding and pain during your period.
#5 Cervical Stenosis
Cervical stenosis is a condition in which the passageway through the cervix narrows or completely closes. Because blood cannot pass easily through the cervix, pressure builds up in the uterus causing lots of cramps.
#6 Uterine Fibroids
Some women get uterine fibroids, which are non-cancerous tumors that grow on the walls or linings of a uterus.
The tumor can cause pelvic pressure or pain when it begins to die due to insufficient blood supply.
Uterine fibroids can also cause heavy, long, or painful periods.
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