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Top 10 biggest dam in South Africa

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A dam is an artificial barrier constructed to stop or restrict the flow of water or underground streams.

They are mainly used to mitigate flooding and to store water for activities such as human consumption, irrigation, aquaculture, and industrial use.

Reservoirs created by dams do not only reduce floods but also provide and supply water for activities such as irrigation, human consumption, industrial use, aquaculture, and navigability.

The largest Dams in South Africa are a must-visit for local and international tourists!

See the top 10 biggest dams in South Africa:

1. Gariep

This is the largest dam in South Africa. It is built near the town of Norvalspontnot far from Eastern Cape and Free State provinces.

It’s principal purpose is for irrigation, domestic and industrial use as well as for the generation of power. Its height is 88 m, and its length is 914 m, and the concrete used in its construction is about 1.73 million m3.

2. Vanderkloof Dam

The dam was originally called the P.K. Le Roux reservoir before it changed to the Vanderkloof Dam.

It is also fed by the Orange and Berg Rivers as well as two streams. It is situated about 81 miles (130 km) away from the Gariep reservoir and is the second largest in the country. It has the highest wall whose height is 108 m and can hold 3,187.557 million m3 of water.

3. Sterkfontein Dam

This dam is the third latest reservoir in the country. It is located close to the Harrismith town in Free State and constructed by the Department of Water Affairs.

The reservoir was redirected from Tugela River following the shortage of water in Johannesburg in the 1960s and 1970s. It has the second highest wall that measures 93 m (305 ft), and it is the largest earth fill reservoir.

4. Vaal Dam

This dam is constructed on the Vaal River and is also fed by the Wilge and Klip rivers and Grootspuit, and Molspuit. It is located 77 km south of the OP Tambo International Airport.

Vaal dam is also the fourth largest by water capacity, but the second largest judging by are. It has a wall that measures 63.5 m and holds up to 2,609,799,000 cubic metres of water. The surface area is 322 square km. The dam was primarily created to attenuate flooding.

5. Pongolapoort Dam/ Lake Jozini

Pongolapoort Dam/ Lake Jozini Located about 280 km north-east of Durban, the Pongolapoort/ Lake Jozini is constructed on the Phongolo River which is its sole perennial feeder.

The reservoir has a wall whose height is 89 m. Its total water capacity is 2,445,900,000 m3.

6. Bloemhof Dam

It is formerly known as Oppermansdrif Dam, the Bloemhof reservoir is constructed at the convergence of the Vall and Vet rivers. It is situated along the border of the Free State and North West provinces.

Its length is 4,270 meters. Due to its shallowness, the reservoir occupies a large area to store more water. The reservoir holds up to 1,269,000,000 m3 of water and the wall has a height of 33 meters only.

7. Kruismansrivier Dam

It is located in Western Cape, the Kruismansrivier reservoir is constructed along the Kruis River. It was opened in 1992 and the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry runs it.

Its wall has a height of 18 metres, extends across a surface area of 18 Ha, and the reservoir holds up to 1,500,000 m³. The reservoir is used for irrigation, and the hazard potential of this water is also considerably high.

8. Theewaterskloof Dam

The Theewaterskloof reservoir is built on the Sonderend River that is situated close to Villersdorp in Western Cape. It holds up to 480 million cubic meters of water and is the leading supplier of water in Cape Town.

The reservoir occupies a surface area of 48 km2. In addition to domestic use, it is also used for industrial purposes as well as irrigation.

9. Greater Brandvlei Dam

The Greater Brandvlei is an amalgamation of the original Brandvlei Dam and the Kwaggaskloof Dam in 1989.

It is built on a tributary of the Breede River, and it is primarily used for irrigation. The dam’s wall has a height of 21.5 m, and its length is 1250 m.

10. Heyshope Dam

This earth-fill reservoir that was opened in 1986 is located in Mpumalanga. It impounds the Assegaai River and the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry runs it.

The height of its wall is 28.5 m, and the length is 1030 m. Its total water capacity is 453 4400 000 m³, and the catchment area covers a surface area of 5 023.8 ha.

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Lifestyle

10 yoga don’ts you shouldn’t ignore

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Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, yoga has become a part of the daily routine of many.

People who do not like gymming, often turn to yoga for their daily dose of physical activity.

The best thing is you do not need any equipment to perform yoga, just some space and a yoga mat are all you need.

Yoga does not just help improve physical health but is great for your mental health too.

Here are 11 don’ts of yoga that you must keep in mind before practising yoga next time.

1. Do not overexert

Even if you are performing some simple asanas, do not overexert yourself. On the scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is the easiest, every asana you perform does not have to be 10. Some can be 8, 7 or even lesser. Also, it depends on your body and daily routine.

2. Weather

Do not perform yoga in extreme weather conditions, like when it is too hot, too cold or too humid.

3. Mind your breath

Breathing plays a vital role in yoga practice. One should not hold their breath unnaturally until instructed by the trained. Breathe normally unless any special instructions are given.

4. Yoga after meals

Do not perform yoga right after having meals. Wait for at least 2-3 hours so that the food can settle down by the time you start your practice.

5. Say no when exhausted

Many people take yoga practice as a light one, which is not true. Yoga sessions can make you sweat like anything. Thus, when you are tired or ill, avoid practising yoga so as not to overexert your body.

6. Take guidance

This is not a rule but a guideline, do not practice yoga alone. It’s best to find a partner and practice under somebody’s guidance. Just reading and practice can lead to muscle pull or discomfort. If you are doing advanced posture for the first time, it’s best to take someone’s assistance.

7. Do not wear tight clothing

Say no to shoes and tight clothing while performing yoga. Tight upper back clothing can restrict the movement of the rib cage and lung that can result in incomplete breathing.

8. Shower

It’s a must to take a shower after a sweaty workout. But do not shower immediately and let the body dry normally before you head to the shower room.

9. Menstruation yoga

Do not do the ‘feet up’ (inverse) poses while menstruating. Perform simple relaxation and breathing poses while you are on your periods.

10. Post yoga workout

It is suggested not to perform any high-intensity workout post-yoga session. Perform it before the yoga session if you are planning to.

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Lifestyle

5 steps to creating a successful side hustle

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In a perfect world, we’d all be able to do work that fulfilled our passions and filled our bank accounts simultaneously.

Unfortunately, the world’s not perfect and most of us are regulated to working jobs that don’t exactly tap into our creative spirits.

If this sounds like you, perhaps you should consider a side hustle. It’s a great way for you to pursue your talents and ideas and bring in extra cash.

If you’re ready to take that plunge, consider these five steps to make it a success.

1. Respect the hustle

The side hustle may sound cool and trendy but it’s serious business. For a side hustle to be successful you will have to plan, you will have to work, and you will have to sell. We all know that sometimes even the best-laid plans don’t always work out; nevertheless, you do need a plan.

What are the services or products you are offering? Who needs it? How will you deliver it? What is your unique value proposition? A unique value proposition will set you up for success and apart from the rest.

2. No problems no money

As you start to flush out ideas for starting your side hustle you need to spend time thinking about the things you like to do and the things you’re actually good at. Ideally, you should like what you sell and sell what you like, but here’s something else to keep in mind: some of the most profitable businesses are built on solving problems.

There’s a good chance that others feel the same way and are just waiting for someone to create the solution. Be the solution.

3. Don’t quit your day job (yet)

Side hustles are called side hustles for a reason… It’s that thing you do outside of your steady, dependable, paycheck-producing 9-5. Unlike a part-time job that people often begrudgingly take on to make ends meet, side hustles are often fueled by passion and talent.

We hear stories of overnight viral sensations, but those are few and far between. Hang on to your safety net until you have done your due diligence. Have a proven concept, and most importantly, paying customers.

4. Validate, validate, validate

Conventional wisdom tells us that we don’t need others to validate us. However, when it comes to the side hustle, throw that concept out the window. Validation is everything in business. Do people want or need your product or service? And most importantly: will they pay for it?

In the business world, this is called market research and you can tackle it in several ways. Identify your target audience and talk to them. These may be informal conversations, email surveys or small gatherings that you put together.

5. Smell the coffee

Side hustles are built detail by detail. You will need to plan and prioritize. Plan on spending a good deal of your off time working on your side hustle if you want it to truly be a success. Prioritize your schedule so that it doesn’t interfere with your day job and set aside consistent side hustle time. Maintaining a list of action items you can be accountable for will help keep you focused.

Making money in your sleep is a dream not afforded to many. Wake up, smell the coffee, do the work. That’s how it’s going to happen.

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Lifestyle

8 things that can destroy even the strongest relationships

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Have you ever thought to yourself that a couple you met were perfect together and then suddenly heard of their demise?

It can be a cause for concern to think that even when you are in a strong relationship things can shift downhill at any moment.

Every relationship has ups and downs, but it’s best to know how to approach the “downs” to keep your relationship intact.

When couples resolve issues properly, it strengthens the relationship even more. Here are 10 things that destroy the strongest relationships and what you can do:

1. When you start disagreeing on intimacy

Sometimes things start out great and you both are on the same page when it comes to being intimate. It can be straining on any relationship when one person feels less desire to be intimate. It can cause resentment and leave one person feeling undesired. Sometimes there are underlying reasons for a sudden change in one’s sex drive and it’s best to be open and communicate to resolve the issue.

2. You’re bottling up emotions

Sometimes during small arguments, you find it easier to just stay quiet and not make a big deal out of it. The problem with this is all those emotions will build up and you may become filled with resentment toward your partner. It’s always better to discuss issues no matter how big or small in a calm and respectable manner.

3. You take each other for granted

You both are committed so you may feel like you don’t have to put in as much effort. The things you did for each other at the beginning that made you fall in love will also be the things that keep your relationship strong. It is the little gestures, the “thank you’s”, and compliments that are sometimes missed down the line. Keep them going!

4. You’re losing your identity

Sometimes in a couple’s bliss, they want to be with each other all the time. But when this happens some tend to lose themselves or weaken relationships with other friends. It might not be an issue at first, but when some couples emerge from the honeymoon phase this issue can cause even some of the strongest relationships to crumble. It’s best to keep a sense of self in your relationship. Not just for you, but for your partner, and your relationship.

5. You began skipping out on dates

There are always ways to mix it up and keep the romance alive! If you don’t have any more dinner dates or nights out dancing, someone is likely going to get bored. If you are practicing social distancing, come up with some creative at-home dates for each other. Even if you are in different locations try to set aside at least one night a week to do something special together.

6. Someone is being condescending

This used to not be an issue, but all a sudden someone feels superior and makes it known. Rude “teacher-like” comments and belittling a partner is not healthy. It might be something one person puts up with for a while, but eventually, they’re likely to be fed up. If something is bothering you, it’s best to try to understand where that anger is coming from before snapping at the other person.

7. Someone broke the trust

All it can take is one lie, one kiss with a stranger, or one flirty text with a co-worker to turn a relationship upside down. Honesty is always the best policy. If you’re feeling unfulfilled it’s better to be upfront and either work through it or walk away.

8. You hold grudges

It’s perfectly normal to have arguments and disagreements. Once you’ve talked through something that upset you it’s best to let it go. If you begin feeling anger again over something that happened two months ago, try to remember what conclusion you both came to. Was there an apology? Have things improved? Don’t just immediately start giving your partner the cold shoulder over issues you already “resolved”.

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