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Important aspects about hysterectomy

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A hysterectomy is a surgery to remove a woman’s uterus or The Surgical removal of the uterus from the woman’s body  is called hysterectomy.

There are various reasons like the presence of fibroids, cysts, prolapse, cancer, etc. for which doctors suggest Hysterectomy.

What are The Types of Hysterectomy?

In this, the uterus is taken out via the Vaginal route. It is the least invasive surgery for the removal of the uterus. With this procedure, there are no visible scars.

  • Laparoscopic Supracervical :

In this method, small slits are made in the abdomen of the patient.  A surgeon inserts a very thin duct with the help of a camera and light (laparoscope) inside the pelvis through these slits. The surgeons cut the uterus into pieces. These are then taken out through the slits in the abdomen.

  • Laparoscopically Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy :

A laparoscope is inserted in the abdomen through the slits. The uterus is removed through the vagina. This procedure requires both abdominal slits and vaginal slits.

The computer and robots help in this hysterectomy, which involves small slits in the abdomen.

  • Abdominal Hysterectomy (Open Surgery) :

This is the old-fashioned approach. It is the maximum invasive surgery and leaves the patient with a scar. The uterus is removed through the large slit made in the abdomen. Though this mode of treatment is still the choice of treatment for gynaecological cancers.

What are the aftercare and other aspects of this surgery?

  • After hysterectomy, the patient has to stay in the hospital for 2 to 3 days.  During this time, medications such as pain killers are given to the patient.
  • Depending on the type of Hysterectomy one has to take rest and care. 90% of the women, who undergo an operation for the removal of the Uterus, do not have any side effects.
  • In case of a Vaginal Hysterectomy, the recovery time is shorter. With this procedure, one can carry on with the usual activities within 2 -3 weeks.

 

  • In case of an Abdominal (open) Hysterectomy, the time taken for recovery from the surgery takes around 4–5 weeks.   There might be heavy bleeding in a week of the hysterectomy though not a very severe.  Similarly, in the following weeks after the surgery, some people have pain accompanied by swelling, redness, at the operation site. Some of them also experience burning and itching in the slits area.
  • If the ovaries are removed during the procedure, then the woman might experience symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, dryness in the vagina, and night sweats.

Are there any emotional effects of uterus removal surgery?

The uterus is an organ that is very important for pregnancy. In case, the woman undergoing the uterus removal operation wants to conceive, then it might cause emotional issues for the woman.

The effects on the woman, who stop menstruating after the operation, might differ from person to person. Long-term effects:

As the vagina is now not connected to the uterus and cervix, after the surgery, the vagina can contract down on itself, or even come outside the body. This is called prolapse.

Sometimes the organs like the bladder or the bowel can also come down to the place of the uterus and additionally create pressure on the vagina. To prevent these issues, women have to do proper pelvic floor exercises.

Conclusion:

There may be some long term and short-term effects of hysterectomy. At the same time, it is the best option if you are going through severe symptoms like heavy bleeding or pain as it may be life-threatening as well sometimes. One has to decide what step is best for them and go ahead.

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No Omicron deaths yet, as variant spreads worldwide, says WHO

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no Omicron deaths yet as variant spreads worldwide

 

 

The Omicron variant has been detected in 38 countries but no deaths have yet been reported; the WHO said on Friday, as authorities worldwide rushed to stem the heavily mutated Covid-19 strain’s spread amid warnings that it could damage the global economic recovery.

 

The United States and Australia became the latest countries to confirm locally transmitted cases of the variant; as Omicron infections pushed South Africa’s total cases past three million.

 

The World Health Organization has warned it could take weeks to determine how infectious the variant is; whether it causes more severe illness and how effective treatments and vaccines are against it.

 

“We’re going to get the answers that everybody out there needs,” WHO emergencies director Michael Ryan said.

 

The WHO said on Friday it had still not seen any reports of deaths related to Omicron; but the new variant’s spread has led to warnings that it could cause more than half of Europe’s Covid cases in the next few months.

 

ALSO READ: Omicron: South Korea traces new COVID-19 variant to visitors from Nigeria

 

 

The new variant could also slow global economic recovery, just as the Delta strain did, International Monetary Fund chief Kristalina Georgieva said on Friday.

 

“Even before the arrival of this new variant, we were concerned that the recovery; while it continues, is losing somewhat momentum,” she said.

 

“A new variant that may spread very rapidly can dent confidence.”

 

A preliminary study by researchers in South Africa, where the variant was first reported on November 24; suggests it is three times more likely to cause reinfections compared to the Delta or Beta strains.

 

The emergence of Omicron was the “ultimate evidence” of the danger of unequal global vaccination rates; Red Cross head Francesca Rocca said.

 

South African doctors said there had been a spike in children under five admitted to hospital since Omicron emerged, but stressed it was too early to know if young children were particularly susceptible.

 

“The incidence in those under-fives is now second-highest, and second only to the incidence in those over 60;” said Wassila Jassat from the National Institute for Communicable Diseases.

 

In the US, two cases involved residents with no recent international travel history — showing Omicron is already circulating inside the country.

 

“This is a case of community spread,” the Hawaii Health Department said.

 

US President Joe Biden on Thursday unveiled his plans to battle Covid-19 during the winter; new testing requirements for travellers and a surge in vaccination efforts.

 

‘Kick in the nuts’

All incoming travellers will need to test negative within a day of their flights, and rapid tests that cost $25 will be covered by insurance and distributed free to the uninsured.

 

Australia on Friday reported three students in Sydney had tested positive for the variant; despite a ban on non-citizens entering the country and restrictions on flights from southern Africa, with multiple countries rushing to limit travel from the region in the past week.

 

“It’s quite a kick in the nuts,” said Sabine Stam, who runs a South African tour company and whose customers are demanding refunds. “Everyone is too scared to set a new travel date,” she said.

 

In Norway, officials said at least 13 people who contracted Covid-19 after an office Christmas party in Oslo last week had the Omicron variant; — though so far they have only had mild symptoms, city health official Tine Ravlo told AFP.

ALSO READ: 2 fully vaccinated Israeli doctors get infected with Omicron variant

 

But the government ushered in restrictions in greater Oslo after fears of the cluster surfaced.

 

On Friday, Malaysia also reported a first Omicron infection in a foreign student arriving from South Africa on November 19. Sri Lanka also announced its first case; a citizen returning from South Africa.

 

Russia’s federal statistics agency Rosstat; meanwhile, it was said that nearly 75,000 people died of coronavirus in the country in October, making it the deadliest month of the pandemic.

 

Snogging discouraged

The new variant poses a major challenge to ending the pandemic.

 

Rising Delta cases had already forced European governments to reintroduce mandatory mask-wearing, social distancing, curfews or lockdowns, leaving businesses fearing another grim Christmas.

 

Belgian authorities said on Friday that primary schools would close a week early for the Christmas holidays.

 

Germany’s regional leaders agreed new measures including a ban on fireworks at new year parties to discourage large gatherings.

 

Ireland said it will close nightclubs and reintroduce social distancing in some settings over Christmas and the New Year.

 

In the UK, ministers have been expressing divergent opinions, not only on the idea of hosting parties, but also on the kind of conduct deemed acceptable.

 

“For what it’s worth, I don’t think there should be much snogging under the mistletoe,” said one minister, Therese Coffey.

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Suppliers Of Food Items To Boko Haram In Borno Nabbed

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The North East Chairman and Commander of Hunters/Vigilantes (Sarkin Baka) in Hawul Local Government Area of Borno State, Shawulu Yohanna, has arrested some people supplying food to Boko Haram and recovered N6.050million in their possession.

The development followed calls by concerned residents in Hawul and other communities of Garkida town of Adamawa State including Ishaku Yakubu, Mohammed Madu, Isa Mwajim and Peter John demanding Chairman, Senate Committee on Army, Mohammed Ali Ndume, and Chief of Army Staff, General Farouk Yahaya, to deploy troops of ‘Operation Hadin Kai’ to the axis to protect lives and property of people as ahead of yuletide. 

The community has come under series of attacks by terrorists and have since been without military formations since the beginning of the Boko Haram crisis.

The arrest of the Boko Haram food suppliers and recovery of over N6million was coordinated by Yohanna at the fringes of Sangere community bordering Tashan Alade, Sabon Gari and some parts of Askira Uba council area where Brigadier General Dzarma Zurkusu and four other soldiers were ambushed and killed by terrorists during operations in the theatre last month.

“The North East Chairman of Hunters, Alhaji Yohanna, and his team did a wonderful job this week. They acted on intelligence information that was given to them by some farmers.

“The farmers volunteered and hinted Yohanna that they usually sighted a truck conveying food items into the fringes of Sangare Village. If you are in Sangare, there are roads that will link you to some parts of Sabon Gari in Damboa Local Government, the other road will take you to Askira-Uba axis or Garkida and even to Hawul Local Government Area.

“Upon receiving the information, Yohanna mobilised his team and stormed the spot in the evening. Luckily, the team sighted the vehicle after its owner was about to hand over the food items to the terrorists, they (hunters) engaged them with fire and captured the driver and some other two occupants, while the terrorists fled having known the terrain better than their suppliers.

“After arrest, Yohanna interrogated the driver and the two occupants and they admitted that they have been supplying Boko Haram with food items for quite some time from Taraba State. They also told the hunters that they do supply even the commander of kidnappers in Taraba with food items.

“As it is, Yohanna and his team have already handed over the suspects to the Commanding Officer of the 231 Battalion, Biu in Borno State for further action,” a source disclosed.

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EPL Round-Up: Manchester City go top with away win over Watford

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Manchester City have taken over leadership of the Premier League following their 3-1 win over Watford at the Vicarage Road on Saturday.

The routine victory by the visitors has seen them increase their points tally to 35 after 15 games.

An early strike from Raheem Sterling in the fourth minute served a glimpse of what to expect from Pep Guardiola’s men who knew the assignment at hand and delivered almost perfectly.

Sterling’s early goal was followed by a brace from Bernado Silva as City were already cruising to another emphatic win.

Though Cucho Hernandez pulled a goal back for the Hornets, it wasn’t enough to deny the Cityzens their 11th win in 15 league games this season.

For Emmanuel Dennis and his Watford teammates, Saturday’s defeat made it a dozen of losses in the league this season and a wake up to improve or risk going down back to the Championship.

Earlier, on a day neither Sadio Mane nor Mohamed Salah was on hand to deliver the goals for Liverpool as Divock Origi stepped up from the bench to score in the 94th minute to hand the Reds a crucial win over Wolverhampton Wanderers.

Origi scored in stoppage time to hand Liverpool a 1-0 win and more importantly vital three points that have seen them overtake Chelsea and just one point behind new leaders, Guardiola’s City.

Having seen Chelsea crumble to a 3-2 defeat against West Ham in the London Derby, the Reds knew what was expected of them at the Molineux Stadium.

Liverpool had blown away the majority of their rivals this season, having scored four in each of their last three Premier League games before arriving at Molineux.

They had, simply, been too good but found Wolves at their resolute best until the death.

Also on Saturday, Newcastle finally recorded their first victory of the season as a solitary goal by Callum Wilson gave them a 1-0 win over Burnley at St. James Park.

Elsewhere, the tie between Southampton and Brighton at St Mary’s ended in a stalemate with both sides settling for a 1-1 draw.

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